December 10, 2020
The post-election context in Northern Cyprus was discussed in this talk, which was chaired by Baroness Meral Hussein-Ece. Turkish government openly supported the conservative candidate and the former Prime Minister Ersin Tatar, which tipped the contest in Tatar’s favour in the second round. Baroness Hussein-Ece argued that Tatar’s election has further pushed away Cyprus from the possibility of reunification. However, the debate on what comes next in Cyprus and the international effort to unify the island under one state will continue. The election results also show that Northern Cyprus is very much divided when it comes to the future of the island.
Derya Beyatlı was the first speaker. Beyatlı is a peace activist, and she began her talk with an account of the developments that started just before the elections. The elections were neither fair nor democratic due to Turkish interventions. There is a history of Turkish interventions in Cypriot elections, but the level of the intervention this time was much higher than in any previous occasions.
The opposition candidate, Mustafa Akıncı, complained about the threats he and his family have been receiving from the Turkish embassy. Tatar’s UBP (National Unity Party) was given tactical advice on its election campaign, and many people came from Turkey for campaigning. There was talk of bribes and the water pipe carrying water from Turkey was damaged for much of the past year, but it got fixed just before the election. Turkey wanted to have an official opening of the water pipe, but the law prohibited holding the ceremony in Cyprus. Instead, Tatar went to Turkey for the ceremony. During the ceremony, Erdogan announced that the ghost town of Varosha would be partly opened. All this happened without the involvement of Turkish Cypriots. In the first round, the elections were very close, but during the week before the second round, many MPs from the AKP and the MHP visited the island to help with Tatar’s election campaign.
Twenty thousand more voters voted in the second round of the election compared to the first round, which is a very high number given the total votes Mr Tatar received was around 65,000. During his victory speech, Mr Tatar thanked President Erdogan and said that he could not have won the election without Erdogan’s support.
Beyatlı said that she does not think Turkish Cypriots are divided about the future of Cyprus. Most support a federal and united Cyprus. Recent opinion polls conducted on both sides of the island show there is support for a federal solution – one scenario in which both Turkish and Greek Cypriots would vote ‘Yes’.
After the election and the Varosha visit, there was a reaction from the United Nations and the European Union (EU). On 26 November 2020, the European Parliament issued a resolution acknowledging what happened in Cyprus and urging Turkey to reverse its decisions. It also urged the European Council to maintain its position and ask Turkey to stop its illegal actions.
Beyatlı also mentioned that today was Human Rights Day and wanted to draw attention to a human right violation in Europe. She said that Turkish is an official language of EU because it is the language of Turkish Cypriots who are European citizens. Turkish is an official language of the Republic of Cyprus. As a Turkish speaking European citizen, she felt she was discriminated against because the European Parliament did not offer Turkish translation of the debates. Beyatlı said Turkish Cypriots could not feel part of the EU because they cannot understand the discussions. She mentioned that they had started a petition – with Niyazi Kızılyürek, the only Turkish Cypriot MEP – to make Turkish an official language of the EU.
The second speaker was Şener Elçil, who started his talk by expressing his pleasure for being part of the discussion and for having a platform for raising the real voice of Turkish Cypriots. He referred to the Turkish project of dividing the island and said that we have been living in extra-ordinary times. There were three guarantors in Cyprus, and according to the 1960 agreement, all three guarantors should guarantee the unity of the island. They are guarantors in name but did not act as such. The British created the initial tensions between the two communities during the1950s. Greece carried out a fascist coup and wanted to take over Cyprus and Turkey conducted a military occupation of it. Elçil asked: ‘Why is Turkey continuously transferring population from mainland Turkey to Cyprus?’ He mentioned that there had been many censuses since 1974, but no one knows the exact number of Turkish Cypriot population.
Elçil further reflected on the population of Turkish Cypriots and gave an estimate of 135,000. However, some estimates put the population of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) at 500,000 or even 600,000. In 2009, according to a survey conducted in schools, only 34 per cent of students had Turkish Cypriot parents and nine per cent had mixed parents (Turkish Cypriot and Turkish).
Elçil said that the elections cannot represent the will of the population and that Turkish Cypriot culture and their distinct character was under threat because the settler population was more than the native Turkish population. He also mentioned that Turkish Cypriots were secular people and there were never any problems in the island due to religion. Turkey was trying to impose religion on the secular Turkish Cypriot society.
Elçil claimed that Mr Tatar was acting like a civil servant of Turkey and a spokesman of President Erdogan. Cyprus had a two-state, but no one recognises TRNC, and that situation has not led to anywhere. Therefore, the unification of the island was in the interest of every Cypriot. Elçil said: ‘Cyprus is too little to divide and too big to share’.
Elçil referred to the deterioration of Turkey’s democracy and drew attention to Turkey’s bad relations with all her neighbours. The Turkish economy was collapsing because of the AKP’s bad governance and to distract the population from that Turkey was creating problems for all its neighbours.
Fabian Hamilton MP (Labour) made a short comment. He mentioned that the Labour party agrees with the comment that there should not be guarantors in Cyprus and argued for the need to work towards demilitarisation of the island. He stated his support for a bi-communal and bi-zonal federal solution in Cyprus.
The talk continued with comments and questions from the participants.